Stars are considered luminous objects. When astronomers mention the brightness of a celestial body, they do so in terms of luminosity. But what exactly is luminosity?
This article will give you an easy explanation of luminosity and luminous objects. Ready? Let’s dive in!
What Is Luminosity?
The term luminosity is used to express how bright an object is. Astronomers use this term to express how bright a planet, a star, a galaxy, or any other celestial body is. When something gives off light, it is known as a luminous object.
Certain celestial bodies in space give off different types of light. The form of light they radiate gives us an idea of how much energy they have.
Planets do not emit light. They reflect it. However, the term luminosity is also used to refer to planetary brightness.
In order to emit light or glow, an object requires its own energy source. For instance, you see stars shining in the night sky because of the occurrence of nuclear fusion at their core. This energy allows them to shine.
Non-luminous objects are visible when they reflect light from another source. We are able to see the Moon because it reflects light from the Sun. Moon is a non-luminous object. It does not have its own energy source to give off light.
The brightness of an object is directly proportional to its luminosity. How luminous an object is usually depends on the intensity of light it gives off.
How Is Luminosity Determined?
There are several ways astronomers determine the luminosity of a celestial object. For instance, how luminous a star is depends on its effective temperature and size. Different stars have different temperatures and, thus, different levels of brightness.
Another method astronomers use to deduce an object’s luminosity is to compare the object’s distance to its apparent brightness.
There are specialized instruments like a bolometer that allow them to get an accurate measure of a celestial object’s luminosity.
An object’s magnitude is yet another way to measure how bright an object is. This is used in stargazing as it helps gazers understand and compare stars’ brightnesses with each other. Apparent brightness is the observable brightness of an object in the sky.
An object’s magnitude takes on a numerical value. The lower the number, the brighter the object is and vice-versa.
Distance plays a role in dimming how bright an object is. At a great distance, a more luminous object can appear dimmer than an object that is closer to us.
Frequently Asked Questions
How Bright Is the Sun?
The Sun is the brightest star in our sky. It has a -26.74 visual magnitude. In our night sky, the brightest star is the Dog Star, also known as Sirius A. It has a magnitude of -1.46.
In astronomy, luminosity is a measure of light emitted by a celestial object over a period of time. It is basically used to define how bright something is.
There are several methods to determine the luminosity of objects. While we may refer to luminosity in some objects, they are not necessarily luminous objects. Luminous objects have their own source of light. For instance, the Sun is a luminous object, but the Moon is not.